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Sunday, March 15, 2020

How does Coronavirus spread?


Similar to the Flu, The Coronavirus - known as COVID-19, is spread from person-to-person. The virus needs a host to survive and can only survive inside of a human body. There is no clear proof as to how long the virus is able to survive outside of a host.


COVID-19 spreads when droplets of bodily fluids such as mucus or saliva from an infected person comes into contact with a healthy person. When an infected individual coughs or sneezes, these droplets are dispersed into the air and land on surfaces. When a healthy person accidentally touches these tiny droplets and then rubs their eyes, nose or mouth with an infected hand, COVID-19 finds  a way into the person’s body and then things get complicated when the virus reaches the lungs.


The disease is not carried in the air, although fresh droplets from an infected person can survive for a limited amount of time in the air. It is therefore highly advisable to not touch surfaces and keep hands clear by washing with soap and water, using hand sanitizers and avoid touching of the nose, eyes and mouth.


Transmission of the disease happens from person to person, and it is therefore highly advisable to maintain social distancing. If you live in an area where people have been infected with the Coronavirus, then avoid shaking hands, stay at least 1 meter (3 feet) away from people when talking.


The incubation period of coronavirus is between 1 to 14 days. Symptoms can appear anytime between this period.


It is also advisable to maintain distance between live animals in infected areas.


How long can the Coronavirus stay outside on a host?


Right now there is no real clear answer to this question but experts believe that it can remain alive on a surface from several hours to several days. It is important therefore to keep the home clean especially in areas known to have infected cases.


The most effective way to avoid COVID-19 is to stay home. Wash your hands regularly and avoid rubbing your eyes, nose and mouth with your hands. All the virus needs is an entry point - keeping it away from the entry points into your body is the best bet.


Masks can only protect to some extent entry through a person’s mouth and nose. Eyes still provide a risk factor. Keeping the place  where you live sanitized and maintaining constant social distancing is the most effective way to avoid coming into contact with the virus.

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